According to the government, Christians were 1.9% of the population in 2021.
The population in Israel that identifies as “Christian” has increased by 2% in 2021, according to the latest statistics published by the government.
According to the National Office for Statistics, Christians represent 1.9% of the population.
What is probably less known outside the country is that a large majority of 76% of these Christian believers are Arabs.
In fact, Christians in Israel represent 7% of the whole Arab population, which is traditionally Muslim.
The city with most Christians is Nazareth (21,100), followed by Haifa (16,700), Jerusalem (12.900) and Shefa-‘Amr (10,500).
According to the government’s statistics, a typical Christian household in Israel is formed by 3 people, like a Jewish household but smaller than a Muslim one (4 people). Christian families have an average of 1,86 children.
The study also shows that Arab Christians more often access higher education than other demographic groups.
[title]Right to evangelise?
Despite its presence in the country, Christians often struggle to share their faith publicly in Israel. Some groups decide not to evangelise in a context in which proselytism is often seen as offensive, while other Christian organisations have continued to have a missionary approach in a land where the laws protect the freedoms of conscience, faith, religion, and worship, regardless of an individual's religious affiliation.
In recent years, nevertheless, Christian organisations have been threatened by ultra-orthodox groups for their alleged missionary work. Organisations such as Jews For Jesus and other messianic Jews have often defended their right to speak about their faith.